Numbness (lost, reduced, or altered sensation) and tingling (an odd prickling sensation) are sorts of temporary paresthesia. These sensations commonly occur after sitting or standing during a particular position or maybe wearing tight clothing for too long. This puts pressure on nerves and blood vessels, reducing sensation.
symptoms of Numbness
Carpal tunnel syndrome (pressure on a nerve at the wrist)
Transient ischemic attack (TIA), sometimes called a “mini-stroke”
causes of numbness
Many things can cause numbness and tingling, including some medications.
Things that we do a day can sometimes cause numbness, including sitting or standing in one position for an extended time, sitting together with your legs crossed, or falling asleep on your arm.
These are all samples of pressure being placed on nerves. Once you progress , the numbness will recover .
There are numerous conditions which will cause you to feel numbness and tingling, such as:
an insect or animal bite
toxins found in seafood
abnormal level of vitamin B-12, potassium, calcium, or sodium
medications, especially chemotherapy
Sometimes, a selected injury can produce numbness or tingling, like an injured nerve in your neck or a ruptured intervertebral disc in your spine.
Placing pressure on a nerve may be a common cause. Carpal tunnel syndrome, connective tissue , enlarged blood vessels, infection, or a tumor can all place pressure on a nerve. Likewise, inflammation or swelling of the medulla spinalis or brain can place pressure on one or more nerves.
Damage to the skin via a rash, inflammation, or injury is one more reason for numbness or tingling. Conditions which will cause this sort of injury include frostbite and shingles (a painful rash caused by the chickenpox virus).
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- Dr. Rajesh Kumar Songa is a Neurologist and Pediatric Neurologist in KPHB, Hyderabad and has an experience of 6 years in these fields. Dr. Rajesh Kumar Songa practices at Padmaja Hospital in KPHB, Hyderabad. He completed MBBS from Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad in 2011,MD – Pediatrics from Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad in 2016 and DM – Neurology from Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad in 2020.
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treatment of numbness
Because of the varied causes of numbness and tingling, your treatment will depend on the reason for your symptoms. Treatment will focus on resolving any underlying medical conditions.
How numbness is diagnosed?
Expect your doctor to request an entire medical record . make certain to report all symptoms, albeit they don’t seem related, also as any previously diagnosed conditions. Note if you’ve got any recent injuries, infections, or vaccinations.
Your doctor also will got to know any prescribed or over-the-counter medications and supplements you’re taking.
Depending on the findings of a physical exam, your doctor may order additional tests. These may include blood tests, electrolyte level testing, thyroid function testing, toxicology screening, vitamin level testing, and nerve conduction studies. Your doctor can also order a lumbar puncture (lumbar puncture).
Imaging tests – like an X-ray, angiogram, CT scan, MRI, or ultrasound of the affected area – also can help your doctor reach a diagnosis.
when to see the doctor
Everyone experiences numbness, tingling, or a burning sensation once in a while . you almost certainly have felt it once you stood up after sitting in one position for an extended time. Usually it resolves within minutes.
However, you ought to consult your doctor if there’s no obvious cause for continuing numbness and tingling, you are feeling dizzy or have muscle spasms, otherwise you have a rash.
Tell your doctor if the symptoms in your legs worsen once you walk or if you’re urinating more frequently than usual.
In some cases, feelings of numbness and tingling or burning can indicate a significant injury or medical condition. Seek urgent care if you latterly experienced any of the following:
a back, neck, or head injury
inability to steer or move
loss of consciousness, albeit just for a brief time
feelings of confusion or trouble thinking clearly
feelings of weakness or severe pain
losing control of your bowels or bladder
risk factor for numbness
Alcohol use disorder.
Amyloidosis (buildup of abnormal proteins in your organs)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (a group of hereditary disorders that affects the nerves in your arms and legs)