- Pericardial effusion (per-e-KAHR-dee-ul uh-FU-zhun) is the accumulation of excess fluid in the sac-like structure around the heart (pericardium).
- The pericardium consists of two layers. The space between the layers usually contains a thin layer of liquid. However, if the pericardium is diseased or injured, the resulting inflammation can lead to excess fluid. Even without inflammation, fluid can build up around the heart, such as: B. Bleeding after a chest trauma.
- Pericardial effusion puts pressure on the heart and affects the heart’s function. If left untreated, it can lead to heart failure or death. Pericardial effusion treatment in Nizamabad
You can have a large pericardial effusion with no signs or symptoms, especially if the fluid has increased slowly.
When symptoms of pericardial effusion occur, they can include:
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing (difficulty breathing)
- Difficulty breathing when lying down (orthopnea)
- Chest pain, usually behind the sternum or on the left side of the chest
- Fullness of the chest
Pericardial effusion can result from inflammation of the pericardium (pericarditis) in response to illness or injury. Pericardial effusion can also occur when the flow of pericardial fluid is blocked or when blood collects in the pericardium, e.g. B. as a result of a chest trauma.
Sometimes the cause cannot be determined (idiopathic pericarditis).
Causes of pericardial effusion are:
- Inflammation of the pericardium after heart surgery or a heart attack
- Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus
- Cancer spread (metastasis), especially lung cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma or Hodgkin disease
- Pericardial or heart cancer Pericardial effusion treatment in Nizamabad
Depending on how quickly the pericardial effusion develops, the pericardium may stretch a little to accommodate the excess fluid. However, too much fluid causes the pericardium to put pressure on the heart, which prevents the chambers from filling completely.
This condition, called tamponade (tam-pon-AYD), causes poor blood circulation and a lack of oxygen in the body. Tamponade is life threatening and requires emergency care. Pericardial effusion treatment in Nizamabad