Polycythemia vera (pol-e-sy-THEE-me-uh VEER-uh) is a type of blood cancer. This causes your bone marrow to make too many red blood cells. These excess cells thicken your blood and slow its flow, which can lead to serious problems like blood clots.
Polycythemia vera is rare. It usually grows slowly and you could have it for years without knowing it. Often times, the condition is diagnosed during a blood test that is done for a different reason. Polycythemia vera Treatment in Nizamabad
If left untreated, polycythemia can be life threatening. However, proper medical care can help alleviate the signs, symptoms, and complications of this disease.
Many people with polycythemia vera have no visible signs or symptoms. Some people may develop vague symptoms such as headache, dizziness, fatigue, and blurred vision.
More specific symptoms of polycythemia vera include:
- Itching, especially after a hot bath or shower
- Numbness, tingling, burning, or weakness in your hands, feet, arms, or legs
- A feeling of fullness shortly after eating and bloating or pain in the upper left abdomen due to an enlarged spleen
- Unusual bleeding such as nosebleeds or bleeding gums
- Painful swelling of a joint, often the big toe
- Shortness of breath and difficulty breathing when lying down
Polycythemia vera occurs when a mutation in a gene causes problems with the production of blood cells. Normally, your body regulates the number of the three types of blood cells you have: red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. But with polycythemia, your bone marrow is making too much of some of these blood cells. Polycythemia vera Treatment in Nizamabad
The cause of the genetic mutation in polycythemia vera is unknown, but it is usually not inherited from your parents.
Polycythemia can occur at any age, but is most common in adults between 50 and 75 years of age. Men are more likely to develop polycythemia, but women tend to develop the disease at a younger age. Polycythemia vera Treatment in Nizamabad