- Nerve damage
Multiple Sclerosis pop-up dialog box Open
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).
- In MS, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers, causing communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Eventually, the disease can cause permanent damage or deterioration in nerves. Sclerosis, multiple treatment in Nizamabad
- Injury to the nervous system associated with MS
Myelin Lesions and Nervous System Open contextual dialogue
The signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis can vary greatly from person to person and as the disease progresses, depending on the location of the nerve fibers affected. Symptoms often affect movement, such as:
- Numbness or weakness in one or more limbs, usually occurring on one side of the body or in the legs and trunk at the same time
Electric shock sensations that occur with certain movements of the neck, especially when bending the neck forward (Lhermitte’s sign)
Tremors, lack of coordination, or unsteady gait
The cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown. It is considered an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. In MS, this dysfunction of the immune system destroys the fatty substance that covers and protects the nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord (myelin).
Myelin can be compared to the insulating coating on electrical wires. When the protective myelin is damaged and the nerve fiber is exposed, messages traveling along that nerve fiber can be slowed down or blocked. Sclerosis, multiple treatment in Nizamabad
These factors can increase your risk for multiple sclerosis:
- Age. MS can occur at any age, but it usually occurs between the ages of 20 and 40. However, both younger and older people can be affected.
- Sex. Women are two to three times more likely to have recurrent MS than men.
- Family history. If one of your parents or siblings has MS, you are at greater risk of developing the disease.
- Certain infections. Various viruses have been linked to MS, including Epstein-Barr, the virus that causes infectious mononucleosis.
- Run. Whites, especially northern Europeans, are most at risk of developing MS. People of Asian, African, or Native American descent have the lowest risk.
People with multiple sclerosis can also develop:
- Muscle stiffness or cramps
- Paralysis, usually in the legs
- Problems with the bladder, bowel, or sexual function
- Mental changes such as forgetfulness or mood swings
- epilepsy Sclerosis, multiple treatment in Nizamabad