- Ventricular septal defect
- Ventricular Septal Defect Open popup dialog
- Ventricular communication (VSD), a hole in the heart, is a common heart defect that occurs at birth (congenital). The hole (defect) occurs in the wall (septum) that separates the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles) and allows blood to flow from the left side to the right side of the heart. The oxygen-rich blood is then pumped to the lungs instead of being pushed into the body, which makes the heart work harder. Septal defect, ventricular treatment in Nizamabad
A small ventricular septal defect may not cause problems, and many small VSDs will close on their own. Medium or larger VSDs may need to be surgically repaired early in life to avoid complications.
Signs and symptoms of serious heart defects often appear in the first few days, weeks, or months of a child’s life.Symptoms of interventricular communication (VSD) in a baby can include:
- Poor diet, inability to thrive
- Rapid breathing or shortness of breath
- Slight tiredness
- Congenital heart defects result from problems in the early development of the heart, but often there is no clear cause. Genetics and environmental factors can play a role. VSD can occur alone or with other congenital heart defects.
- During the development of the fetus, ventricular communication occurs when the muscle wall separating the heart between the left and right sides (septum) between the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles) does not fully form.
- Usually the right side of the heart pumps blood to the lungs for oxygen. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to the rest of the body. A VSD allows oxygenated blood to mix with oxygen-free blood, which leads to an increase in blood pressure and increased blood flow to the pulmonary arteries. This leads to increased work of the heart and lungs. Septal defect, ventricular treatment in Nizamabad
Ventricular septal abnormalities can affect families and sometimes occur with other genetic problems such as Down syndrome. If you already have a child with a heart defect, a genetic counselor can discuss the risk of your next child having one.
A small ventricular septal defect can never cause problems. Medium or large defects can cause a range of disabilities – from mild to potentially fatal. Treatment can prevent many complications.
Complications can be:
Heart failure. With a heart with medium or large VSD, the heart works harder and the lungs receive too much blood being pumped. Without treatment, heart failure can develop.
Pulmonary hypertension. The increased blood flow to the lungs caused by VSD leads to high blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries (pulmonary hypertension), which can permanently damage them. This complication can lead to a reversal of blood flow through the hole (Eisenmenger syndrome).
In most cases, there is nothing you can do to avoid having a baby with ventricular communication. However, it is important to do everything possible to have a healthy pregnancy. Here are the basics:
Get early prenatal care even before you get pregnant. Before you get pregnant, speak to your doctor about your health and discuss any lifestyle changes your doctor might recommend for a healthy pregnancy. Also, let your doctor know about any medications you are taking.
Eat a balanced diet. Add a vitamin supplement that contains folic acid.
Regular exercise. Work with your doctor to develop an exercise program that works for you.
Avoid the Risks. These include harmful substances such as alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drugs. Septal defect, ventricular treatment in Nizamabad