Acute sinusitis causes inflammation and swelling of the nasal passages (sinuses). This disrupts drainage and leads to the build-up of mucus.
Acute sinusitis can make it difficult to breathe through your nose. The area around your eyes and face may be puffy, and you may have a throbbing facial pain or headache.
Common symptoms of acute sinusitis include:
Thick, yellow, or greenish discharge from the nose or throat (postnasal drainage)
Nasal congestion, causing difficulty breathing through the nose
Pain, tenderness, swelling, and pressure around the eyes, cheeks, nose, or forehead that get worse when you bend over
Other signs and symptoms include:
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Acute sinusitis is most commonly caused by the common cold, which is a viral infection. In some cases, bacterial infection will develop.
You may be at an increased risk of sinusitis if you:
Hay fever or other allergic conditions affecting your sinuses
A nasal passage abnormality such as B. a deflected nasal septum, nasal polyps, or tumors
A disease like cystic fibrosis or an immune system disorder like HIV / AIDS
Acute sinusitis complications are rare and serious complications are rare. In this case, the following complications can arise:
Chronic sinusitis. Acute sinusitis can be a flare-up of a long-term problem known as chronic sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis lasts more than 12 weeks.
Meningitis. This infection causes inflammation of the membranes and the fluid that surrounds your brain and spinal cord.
Other infections. In rare cases, infection can spread to the bones (osteomyelitis) or skin (cellulitis).
To reduce your risk of acute sinusitis, do the following:
Avoid upper respiratory infections. Try to stay away from people who have a cold. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, especially before meals.
Manage your allergies. Work with your doctor to keep symptoms under control.
Avoid cigarette smoke and polluted air. Tobacco smoke and other pollutants can irritate and inflame your lungs and nasal passages.