- Male reproductive system
- Male Reproductive System Pop-up Dialog
- Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (testicles), which are located in the scrotum, a loose skin bag under the penis. The testes produce male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction.
- Testicular cancer is rare compared to other cancers. But testicular cancer is the most common cancer in American men between the ages of 15 and 35.
- Testicular cancer is highly treatable even if the cancer has spread beyond the testicles. Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you may receive one or more treatments, or a combination. Testicular cancer Treatment in Nizamabad
- Picture shows testicle lumps
Testicle lumps Open the popup dialog
Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:
- A lump or enlargement in one of the testicles
A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
A dull pain in the stomach or groin
A sudden build-up of fluid in the scrotum
Pain or discomfort in a testicle or scrotum
Breast enlargement or tenderness
It is not known what causes testicular cancer in most cases.
Doctors know testicular cancer occurs when healthy cells in a testicle are damaged. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly manner so that your body can function normally. But sometimes some cells develop abnormalities that make that growth out of control – these cancer cells keep dividing even when new cells are not needed. The cells that accumulate form a mass in the testicle.
Almost all testicular cancers start in the germ cells – the cells in the testes that produce immature sperm. It is not known which germ cells become abnormal and turn into cancer. Testicular cancer Treatment in Nizamabad
Factors that can increase your risk of testicular cancer include:
A testicle without sagging (cryptorchidism). The testicles form in the abdominal area as the fetus develops and usually descend into the scrotum before birth. Men with a testicle that has never descended are at greater risk of testicular cancer than men with testicles that have sunk normally. The risk remains high even if the testicle has been surgically moved into the scrotum.
However, the majority of men who develop testicular cancer have no testicular history.
- Abnormal development of the testicles. Conditions such as Klinefelter syndrome, in which the testicles develop abnormally, can increase the risk of testicular cancer.
- Family history. If family members have had testicular cancer you may be at increased risk.
- Age. Testicular cancer affects adolescents and younger men, especially between the ages of 15 and 35. However, it can occur at any age.
- Run. Testicular cancer is more common in white men than in black men.
There is no way to prevent testicular cancer.
Some doctors recommend regular testicular self-exams to help identify testicular cancer at its earliest stage. But not all doctors agree. Discuss testicle self-exam with your doctor if you are not sure whether it is right for you. Testicular cancer Treatment in Nizamabad