A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a transient period of symptoms that are similar to those of a stroke. A TIA usually only takes a few minutes and does not cause permanent damage.
Often referred to as a mini-attack, a transient ischemic attack can be a warning. About 1 in 3 people who have a transient ischemic attack will eventually have a stroke, about half of which will occur within a year of the transient ischemic attack.
A transient ischemic attack can serve as both a warning of a future stroke and an opportunity to prevent it. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) Treatment Nizamabad
- Transient ischemic attacks usually last a few minutes. Most signs and symptoms go away within an hour, although symptoms can rarely last up to 24 hours. The signs and symptoms of TIA are similar to those at the beginning of a stroke and may include the sudden onset of:
- Weakness, numbness, or paralysis of the face, arm, or leg, usually on one side of your body
Cloudy or garbled speech, or difficulty understanding others
Blindness in one or both eyes, or double vision
Dizziness or loss of balance or coordination
A transient ischemic attack has the same origin as an ischemic stroke, the most common type of stroke. In ischemic stroke, a clot blocks blood supply to part of your brain. In the case of a transient ischemic attack, unlike a stroke, the blockage is brief and there is no permanent damage. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) Treatment Nizamabad
Often times, the underlying cause of TIA is the buildup of cholesterol-containing fatty deposits called plaques (atherosclerosis) in an artery or one of its branches, which provide oxygen and nutrients to your brain.
The plaques can reduce blood flow in an artery or lead to the development of a clot. A blood clot moving to an artery supplying your brain from another part of your body, most often your heart, can also cause TIA. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) Treatment Nizamabad
Some risk factors for transient ischemic attacks and stroke cannot be changed. Others you can control.
Risk factors that you cannot change
You cannot change the following risk factors for transient ischemic attacks and strokes. However, knowing that you are at risk can motivate you to change your lifestyle to reduce other risks.
Family history. Your risk may be greater if someone in your family has had a TIA or a stroke.
Age. Your risk increases with age, especially after 55 years.
Sex. Men have a slightly higher risk of TIA and stroke. However, the risk of stroke increases with age.
Previous transient ischemic attack. If you’ve had one or more TIAs, your chances of having a stroke are much higher.
Sickle cell anemia. Stroke is a common complication of sickle cell anemia. Another name for this hereditary disease is sickle cell anemia. Sickle-shaped blood cells carry less oxygen and also tend to lodge in the walls of the arteries, which impedes blood flow to the brain. However, with the right treatment for sickle cell disease, you can lower your risk of stroke. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) Treatment Nizamabad
Knowing your risk factors and living a healthy lifestyle are the best measures to prevent TIA. A healthy lifestyle includes regular medical exams. In order to:
Do not smoke. Quitting smoking will lower your risk of TIA or stroke.
Limit cholesterol and fat. Lowering cholesterol and fats, especially saturated fats and trans fats, in your diet can reduce plaque build-up in your arteries.
Eat lots of fruits and vegetables. These foods contain nutrients like potassium, folic acid, and antioxidants that can protect against TIA or stroke.
Limit your sodium intake. If you have high blood pressure, avoiding salty foods and not adding salt to foods can help lower your blood pressure. Avoiding salt may not prevent high blood pressure, but too much sodium can increase blood pressure in people sensitive to sodium.
Regular exercise. If you have high blood pressure, regular exercise is one of the few ways to lower your blood pressure without medication.
Limit your alcohol consumption. Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all Transient ischemic attack (TIA) Treatment Nizamabad