- Arterial trunk
- Truncus arteriosus Open popup dialog
- The arterial trunk (TRUNG-kus ahr-teer-e-O-sus) is a rare heart defect that is present at birth (congenital). If you or your baby has trunk arteriosis, it means that a large blood vessel is leaking from the heart. Usually two separate vessels come from the heart.
- In addition, there is usually a hole – known as ventricular communication – between the two lower chambers of the heart. Because of the arterial trunk, the deoxygenated blood that is supposed to go to the lungs and the oxygenated blood that is supposed to go to the rest of the body are mixed together. This leads to serious circulatory problems.
- Untreated trunk arteriosis can be fatal. Surgery to repair the arterial trunk is usually successful, especially if the repair is done before your baby is 1 month old. Truncus arteriosus Treatment in Khammam
Arterial trunk signs and symptoms often develop in the first few days of life. They include:
- Blue discoloration of the skin
- Poor diet
- Beating heart
- Excessive sleepiness
- Bad growth
- shortness of breath
- Rapid breathing
- The arterial trunk occurs when your baby’s heart develops in the womb and is therefore present at birth (congenital). In most cases, the cause is unknown.
- The heart
Your heart has four pumping chambers that allow your blood to circulate. The “doors” to the chambers (valves) control blood flow, opening and closing to ensure that blood only flows in one direction. Truncus arteriosus Treatment in Khammam
The four chambers of the heart are:
The right atrium, the upper right chamber, receives deoxygenated blood from your body and delivers it to the right ventricle.
The right ventricle, or lower right chamber, pumps blood through a large vessel called the pulmonary artery to the lungs, where the blood is replenished with oxygen.
The left atrium, the upper left chamber, receives oxygenated blood from the lungs and delivers it to the left ventricle.
The left ventricle, or lower left chamber, pumps oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body through a large vessel called the aorta.
Although the exact cause of congenital heart defects such as the arterial trunk is unknown, various factors can increase the risk of having a baby born with heart disease. These include:
Viral disease during pregnancy. If a woman develops rubella or another viral disease early in pregnancy, the risk of congenital heart defects in her baby increases.
Poorly controlled diabetes during pregnancy. Badly treated diabetes can increase the risk of birth defects, including heart defects.
Certain medications takenn during pregnancy. Many drugs are not recommended during pregnancy because of the potential risk to the fetus.
Certain chromosomal disorders. Children with DiGeorge syndrome or velocardiofacial syndrome are at increased risk for an arterial strain. These conditions are caused by an extra or defective chromosome.
Smoking during pregnancy. If you continue to smoke during pregnancy, the risk that the baby will be born with a heart defect increases. Truncus arteriosus Treatment in Khammam
- In most cases, congenital heart defects such as the arterial trunk cannot be avoided. If your family history has a history of heart defects, or if you already have a child with a congenital heart defect, you and your partner should consider speaking with a genetic counselor and cardiologist experienced in congenital heart disease before making a decision about pregnancy to meet.
- If you are planning on getting pregnant, there are several steps you can taken to ensure you have a healthy baby, including:
- Get vaccinated before you get pregnant. Some viruses, such as B. German measles (rubella) can be harmful during pregnancy. So make sure your vaccines are up to date before you get pregnant. Truncus arteriosus Treatment in Khammam