- Tuberous sclerosis (TWO-bur-uhs skluh-ROH-sis), also called tuberculosis complex, is a rare genetic disorder that causes non-cancerous (benign) tumors to develop in many parts of the world – unexpected overgrowths of normal tissue in the body . Signs and symptoms vary widely depending on where the growth is growing and how severe the disease is.
- Tuberous sclerosis is often diagnosed in infancy or childhood. Some people with tuberous sclerosis have signs and symptoms that are so mild that the disease is only diagnosed or undiagnosed in adulthood. Others suffer from severe disabilities.
- Although there is no cure for tuberculosis and the course or severity of the disease cannot be predicted, treatments are available to manage symptoms. Tuberous sclerosis Treatment in Nizamabad
Symptoms of tuberculosis are caused by non-cancerous growths (benign tumors) in parts of the body, most commonly in the brain, eyes, kidneys, heart, lungs, and skin, even though they are not part of the body. Symptoms can range from mild to severe depending on the size or location of the overgrowth.
Although the signs and symptoms are unique to everyone with tuberous sclerosis, they can include:
Skin abnormalities. Most people with tuberous sclerosis have light patches of skin or may develop harmless small areas of thickened, smooth skin or reddish bumps under or around their nails. Facial growth that begins in childhood and looks like acne is also common.
Seizures. Brain growth can be associated with seizures, which can be the first symptom of tuberculosis. In young children, a common type of seizure called a child’s cramp manifests itself as repeated cramps of the head and legs.
Cognitive disorders. Tuberous sclerosis can be associated with developmental delays and sometimes intellectual or learning disabilities. Mental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder or attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can also occur.
Behavior problems. Common behavior problems can include hyperactivity, self-harm or aggression, or problems with social and emotional adjustment.
Kidney problems. Most people with tuberous sclerosis develop non-cancerous growths on their kidneys and may develop other growths as they age.
Heart problems. Growth in the heart, if any, is usually greater at birth and decreases as the child grows.
Lung problems. The growth that develops in the lungs can cause coughing or shortness of breath, especially during physical activity or exercise. These benign lung tumors are more common in women than men.
Eye abnormalities. The growths can appear as white spots on the light-sensitive tissue in the back of the eye (retina). These non-cancerous growths don’t always affect eyesight. Tuberous sclerosis Treatment in Nizamabad
- The signs and symptoms of tuberculosis can be noticed at birth. Or the first signs and symptoms can appear in childhood or even years later in adulthood.
- Contact your child’s doctor if you are concerned about your child’s development or if you notice any of the signs or symptoms of tuberculosis described above.
\Tuberous sclerosis can be the result of:
A random cell division failure. About two-thirds of people with tuberculosis have a new mutation in the TSC1 or TSC2 gene – the genes associated with tuberculosis – and no family history of tuberculosis.
Heritage. About a third of people with tuberous sclerosis inherit an altered TSC1 or TSC2 gene from a relative with the disease. Tuberous sclerosis Treatment in Nizamabad