overview

Vertigo may be a sensation of feeling off balance. If you’ve got these dizzy spells, you would possibly desire you’re spinning or that the planet around you is spinning.

causes of vertigo

Vertigo is usually caused by an internal ear problem. a number of the foremost common causes include:

BPPV. These initials represent benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. BPPV occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) are dislodged from their normal location and collect within the internal ear . The internal ear sends signals to the brain about head and body movements relative to gravity. It helps you retain your balance.

BPPV can occur for no known reason and should be related to age.

Meniere’s disease. this is often an internal ear disorder thought to be caused by a buildup of fluid and changing pressure within the ear. It can cause episodes of vertigo along side ringing within the ears (tinnitus) and deafness .

Vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis. this is often an internal ear problem usually associated with infection (usually viral). The infection causes inflammation within the internal ear around nerves that are important for helping the body sense balance

Less often vertigo could also be associated with:

Head or neck injury
Brain problems like stroke or tumor
Certain medications that cause ear damage
Migraine headaches

symptoms of vertigo

Vertigo is usually triggered by a change within the position of your head.

People with vertigo typically describe it as feeling like they are:

Spinning
Tilting
Swaying
Unbalanced
Pulled to at least one direction
Other symptoms which will accompany vertigo include:

Feeling nauseated
Vomiting
Abnormal or jerking eye movements (nystagmus)
Headache
Sweating
Ringing within the ears or deafness
Symptoms can last a couple of minutes to a couple of hours or more and should come and go.

treatment of vertigo

Treatment for vertigo depends on what’s causing it. In many cases, vertigo goes away with none treatment. this is often because your brain is in a position to adapt, a minimum of partially , to the internal ear changes, counting on other mechanisms to take care of balance.

For some, treatment is required and should include:

Vestibular rehabilitation. this is often a kind of physiotherapy aimed toward helping strengthen the vestibular apparatus . The function of the vestibular apparatus is to send signals to the brain about head and body movements relative to gravity.
Vestibular rehab could also be recommended if you’ve got recurrent bouts of vertigo. It helps train your other senses to catch up on vertigo.

Canalith repositioning maneuvers. Guidelines from the American Academy of Neurology recommend a series of specific head and body movements for BPPV. The movements are done to maneuver the calcium deposits out of the canal into an internal ear chamber in order that they are often absorbed by the body. you’ll likely have vertigo symptoms during the procedure because the canaliths move.

A doctor or physiotherapist can guide you thru the movements. The movements are safe and sometimes effective.

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Dr. Rajesh Kumar Songa

MBBS, MD – Pediatrics,
DM – Neurology Neurologist 6 Years Experience Overall

health condition of people for vertigo

Vertigo is commonly caused by a problem with the way balance works in the inner ear, although it can also be caused by problems in certain parts of the brain. Causes of vertigo may include: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) – where certain head movements trigger vertigo. migraines – severe headaches.

major risk factor for vertigo

Some Factors Put You at Increased Risk for Vertigo
Being over age 50.
Being a woman.
Suffering a head injury.
Taking certain drugs, especially antidepressants or antipsychotics.
Having any medical condition that affects balance or your ears.
Experiencing a previous episode of vertigo.
Having a family member who has vertigo.

doctor experience for vertigo

And you may be given an eye motion test in which water or air is placed in your ear canal. Head movement testing. If your doctor suspects your vertigo is caused by benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, he or she may do a simple head movement test called the Dix-Hallpike maneuver to verify the diagnosis.