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- Metabolic syndrome is a group of disorders that occur together and increase your risk of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. These diseases include high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat. Height and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
Having just one of these conditions doesn’t mean you have metabolic syndrome. However, this means that you are at a higher risk of developing serious illnesses. And if you develop more of these conditions, the risk of complications like type 2 diabetes and heart disease increases even further.
Most disorders associated with metabolic syndrome have no obvious signs or symptoms. A visible sign is a large waistline. And when your blood sugar is high you may notice the signs and symptoms of diabetes, such as: B. Increased thirst and urination, tiredness and blurred vision.
Metabolic syndrome is closely related to being overweight, or obesity and inactivity.
It’s also linked to a condition called insulin resistance. Usually, your digestive system breaks down the foods you eat into sugars. Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that allows sugar to enter your cells to be used as fuel.
In people with insulin resistance, the cells do not respond normally to insulin, and glucose does not get into the cells as easily. As a result, even as your body continues to produce more and more insulin to lower your blood sugar, your blood sugar levels will rise.
The following factors increase your chances of developing metabolic syndrome:
- Age. Your risk of developing metabolic syndrome increases with age.
- Ethnicity. In the United States, Hispanics – especially Hispanic women – appear to be at the highest risk of developing metabolic syndrome.
- Obesity. Carrying too much weight, especially around the abdomen, increases the risk of metabolic syndrome.
- Diabetes. You are more likely to have metabolic syndrome if you had diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) or if you have a family history of type 2 diabetes.
- Other diseases. Your risk of metabolic syndrome is higher if you’ve ever had non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, polycystic ovarian syndrome, or sleep apnea.
Metabolic syndrome can increase your risk of development:
Type 2 diabetes: If you don’t change your lifestyle to control your excess weight, you can develop insulin resistance, which can lead to increases in your blood sugar. Finally, insulin resistance can lead to type 2 diabetes.
Heart and blood vessel disease. High cholesterol and high blood pressure can contribute to plaque build-up in your arteries. These plaques can narrow and harden your arteries, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
A lifelong commitment to a healthy lifestyle can prevent the conditions that cause metabolic syndrome.
A healthy lifestyle includes:
- Get at least 30 minutes of physical activity most days
- Eat lots of vegetables, fruits, lean proteins, and whole grains
- Limit saturated fat and salt in your diet
- Maintain a healthy weight
- No Smoking